Agent Identification - Chemical

Chemical agents are classified by the military as: pulmonary (choking), blister, blood, and nerve agents. They may occur in several forms including: solid, liquid or vapor. They can be highly toxic and may be very persistent creating a hazard to responding and healthcare personnel.

Signs and symptoms will vary according to the specific agent’s physical state at exposure, as well as the chemical action. (i.e. seizures from neurotransmitter interference, respiratory irritation or failure from pulmonary agents or burns from caustic or blistering mechanism.) Patients will likely have similar symptoms and symptom onset is usually rapid.

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